Stacks Image 2195

Introduction to the Digital Photography 

This element of the class is essential for those who are brand new to photography or have been taking pictures for a while with a point & shoot or using full auto mode and are ready to find out more. Here at EASTERN we believe knowing more of the technical details empowers us to be more creative. In the studio we will explain all the basics of proper exposure, the differences between point & shoot cameras and DSLRs, how your camera works, the basics of JPEG/RAW files, simple studio lighting, rules to good photographic composition and so much more. Be prepared to ask a lot of questions and soak up a lot of information. Everything in this class is about general photography and pretty much universal to all camera brands and models. Bring your camera and manual so we can work with your specific camera’s menus and settings.

Specific topics for the next several rotations include but are not limited to:

  • The Elements of Exposure: ISO, Aperture, Shutter Speed
  • Point & Shoot vs Interchangeable Lenses & DSLRs
  • Understanding Your Camera’s Light Meter
  • The Myth of Intelligent Auto Exposure
  • Understanding Your Camera’s Auto Exposure Modes - Full Auto, Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority
  • Exposure Compensation
  • Taking Charge with Full Manual Control
  • White Balance Explained
  • The Power of RAW Files vs JPEG Files

Obviously, there is so much to learn about photography so let's get your feet wet and see when your ready to dive out on your own. All your knowledge is going to start opening the doors to deeper understanding of not only photography, but your designs & illustrations as well.

Some photo basics are explained here in our first reading -
R1 Photo Basics (Image Management & MultiMedia Book)

Vocabulary for Photography

  • Exposure
  • ISO
  • Aperture/F-Stop
  • Shutter Speed
  • Light Meter
  • Exposure Triangle
  • DSLR
  • White Balance
  • RAW Files
  • JPEG Files
  • Composition
  • Rule of Thirds
  • Focus
Stacks Image 58

~ 1ST PHOTO ASSIGNMENT, CAPTURING THE ELEMENTS & PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN ~

Competency: #801- Operate digital camera and accessories, #802- Compose a photograph through the lens & #803- Demonstrate use of lighting.

Project: Creatively see the world around you to showcase the Elements of Design (*Principles of Design for Advanced Students) while working through getting to know you camera inside & outside the digital studio.

1yr students you will photograph your element, while learning basics of camera operation, composition and simple one light studio lighting. You will turn-in one full 8x10 print of your BEST element shot along with contact sheets of your 36 most creative shots (9 on each sheet). All classwork will be turned in with a completed job jacket 15 minutes before the end of class Friday.

2ndYr students you will later be using some of your imagery in a uniquely designed full color instructional poster. You must shoot each of the 4 Principles, with a contact sheet of your BEST 12 of each. This should total 48 CREATIVE shots - HALF of which you must 'control' in the STUDIO.

Key Points
From Class Lecture & Reading Packet with Vocabulary

  • Exposure
  • ISO
  • Aperture/F-Stop
  • Shutter Speed
  • Light Meter
  • Exposure Triangle
  • DSLR
  • White Balance
  • RAW Files
  • JPEG Files
  • Composition
  • Rule of Thirds
  • Focus

Principles of Design

The Principles of Design are the set of rules or guidelines of visual art that are to be considered when considering the impact of a piece of artwork. They are combined with the Elements of Design in the production of art. The principles are movement, unity, harmony, variety, balance, emphasis, contrast, proportion, and pattern.
Stacks Image 59
Movement shows actions, or alternatively, the path the viewer's eye follows throughout an artwork. Movement is caused by using elements under the rules of the principles in picture to give the feeling of action and to guide the viewer's eyes throughout the artwork. In movement your art should flow, because you are controlling the viewers eye. You control what they see and how they see it, much like a path leading across the page to the item you really want to be seen by the viewer.
Stacks Image 60
Harmony is achieved in a body of work by using similar elements throughout the work, harmony gives an uncomplicated look to a piece of artwork. Color Harmony or Color Theory is also considered a principle through the application of the design elements of color.
Stacks Image 61
Unity is the wholeness that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of art. The arrangement of the Elements and Principles of Design is to create a feeling of completeness.
Stacks Image 62
Variety (also known as alternation) is the quality or state of having different forms or types. The differences, which give a design visual and conceptual interest: notably use of contrast, emphasis, difference in size and color.
Stacks Image 63
Contrast is created by using elements that conflict with one another. Often, contrast is created using complementary colors or extremely light and dark values. Contrast creates interest in a piece and often draws the eye to certain areas. It is used to make a painting look interesting.
Stacks Image 64
Balance is arranging elements so that no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than any other part. The three different kinds of balance are symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial. Symmetrical (or formal) balance is when both sides of an artwork, if split down the middle, appear to be the same. The human body is an example of symmetrical balance. The asymmetrical balance is the balance that does not weigh equally on both sides. Radial balance is equal in length from the middle. An example is the sun.
Stacks Image 65
Proportion is a measurement of the size and quantity of elements within a composition. In ancient arts, proportions of forms were enlarged to show importance. This is why Egyptian gods and political figures appear so much larger than common people. The ancient Greeks found fame with their accurately-proportioned sculptures of the human form. Beginning with the Renaissance, artists recognized the connection between proportion and the illusion of 3-dimensional space.
Stacks Image 66
Pattern and Rhythm (also known as Repetition) is showing consistency with colors or lines. Putting a red spiral at the bottom left and top right, for example, will cause the eye to move from one spiral, to the other, and everything in between. It is indicating movement by the repetition of elements. Rhythm can make an artwork seem active.
Moodle Appliance - Powered by TurnKey Linux