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Egyptian
3000 - 323 BC

Click here to Download Reading Packet with Activities
Each activity is worth points & will be graded.

Significance/Theme: Death/Life after Death

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Art & Culture:

Advanced Civilization
  • Created calendar (& Dynasties)
  • Irrigation
  • Pyramids/Temples
  • Astrology
  • Hieroglyphs
  • Columns - Papyrus
  • Embalming & many Medical Advancements
Style:

Men -
  • Loincloth, triangular diapers with strings to tie around waist
  • Outer or under garment
  • Sole garment of laborers
  • Apron- sometimes worn alone
  • Wrapped Skirt- common to all Egyptian times
  • Early Kingdom- Knee length or shorter
  • Middle Kingdom- Elongated, sometimes to ankle
  • Shorter versions for workers, soldiers or hunters
  • Double skirt starts, first layer opaque & second sheer
  • New Kingdom- Pleated, some shorter & tighter, long skirts more full, large decorated panels at front of some
  • Animal Skins- worn across shoulders, fastened skins lion/leopard, Reserved for most powerful kings & priests
  • Later garments painted to look like skins ei. spot of leopard
  • Cape-like Garment- worn in middle &new kingdom
  • Short Fabric Cape- fastened in front
  • Corselet- sleeveless form of armor
  • Strapless or suspended by small straps at shoulder
  • Wide Necklace- circles of precious stones worn alone, over linen gown, over short cape, or with corselet
  • Straps- worn around upper body usually only men (some female dancers or acrobats too) to prevent perspiration from running down body
  • Tunic- New Kingdom got from Near East (expansion of Egyptian Empire westward), Similar to Mesopotamian, With or without sleeves, often sheer almost transparent linen
  • Artists show loin cloth under or skirts wrapped over tunics

Women -
  • Skirts on lower class women at work, slaves & dancing girls depicted without clothes or with small strip covering genitals & held up with narrow waist band
  • Sheath Dress- most common garment for women of all classes, Close fitting tube of fabric beginning above or below breasts & ending at lower calf or ankle
  • Bead Net Dress- found in tombs, elaborately decorated techniques, Could have been worn over wrapped dress
  • Pleated & Draped, Wrapped Long Dress- women’s robes were wrapped differently then men’s
  • Tunic- women like men wore fitted tunics, often worn by lower economical class women, such as musicians
  • V-Necked Dresses- with or without sleeves, pleated or plain,very common, from Old kingdom onward
  • Shawls & Cloaks- similar types as men
  • Sashes- helped to hold lengths of fabric in place, Both men & women, but men more often, Made of rope, plain weave linen, sometimes with fringes or tassels
Hair & Accessories -
  • Men were usually clean shaven, beard was symbol of maturity & authority
  • Beards were worn not only by adult male rulers, but also by young kings & even Queen Hatshepsut
  • Some men & women though less common shaved their heads
  • Wigs- worn over shaved head or hair, shape & length varied from period to period
  • More expensive- made of human hair, others cheaper made of wool, flax, palm fiber or felt
  • Most black in color, some blue, brown, or white, Style ranged form simple to complex braiding, curls, or twists
  • Footwear- sandals were only worn by high status people, others were barefoot
  • Jewelry- often main source of color in New Kingdom
  • Collars- wide jewelry collars covering most of chest, with counter weight in back to balance, evident in all kingdoms
  • Neck Ornaments- charms worn around neck to ward of evil
  • Diadems or Fillets- placed on the head, some held flowers, others copied flowers in metal & polished stones
  • Armlets, Bracelets, Anklets- all worn though only in New Kingdom were they all worn together
  • Belts & Decorated Aprons- worn over garments, belts & decorated aprons provided color to plain clothes made of linen, were an integral part of costume
  • Cosmetics- both men & women decorated their eyes, skin & lips
  • Red ochre pigment in a base of fat or gum resin for lips
  • Finger & toe nails were polished & buffed
  • Henna, a reddish dye, was also used to color nails
  • Scented ointments were also applied to body
  • Eye Paint- in the Old Kingdom green eye paint predominated, in the middle both green & black paints were used, by the New Kingdom black kohl (made of sulfide lead) replaced green
Children -
  • According to paintings of royalty & wealthy families, & by the numerous toys found in tombs, children were regarded with interest & warm affection
  • Education for boys- the very rich had private tutors, less affluent went to temple schools
  • Children of lower classes were taught trade of craft, sons of peasants labored in fields with their families

Watch the video on Egyptian... Insert Video here
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~ EGYPTIAN PROJECT ~
Project Sheet PDF


Competency:
Identify & describe major works in Art History & Illustrate using variety of Inking Pens

Objective:
Understand the artistic trends of the Egyptian era and illustrate using the visual themes of that time.

Project:
Given your creatively designed collage of 3 or more images that were key to the Egyptian era and 11x14” smooth Bristol Board, ink your illustration showing a variety of inking techniques to the criteria as detailed in PDF above.
• Live space of at least 9x12"
• Use creative composition
• One of the images must be relevant to the fashion of the time
• Try different techniques in Ink
• Do NOT use white-out!

Reading & MAX Strategy:
Utilizing "Two Truths & a Lie" as a reading strategy, we will be implementing the Egyptian Packet with Activities, Sample Inking Techniques, Movie & Web Sources

  • 4,000 - 1,000BC
  • North Africa - Sphinx, known to all
  • Pharaoh - King, God on Earth
  • Burial ceremonies
Ink Techniques of Hatching, Cross Hatching & Pointillism

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